By Liesbeth Zegveld
Armed competition teams normally struggle governments, looking overthrow and/or secession. yet who's dependable lower than overseas legislation for the acts devoted via those teams, or for the failure to avoid those acts? Zegveld examines the necessity legally to spot the events concerned whilst armed inner clash arises, and the truth in their call for for rights. even though presently such a lot armed conflicts are inner, they continue to be principally uncharted territory in legislation. This award-winning learn can be of curiosity to lecturers, postgraduate scholars and pros concerned with armed clash and diplomacy.
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Extra info for Accountability of armed opposition groups in international law
Rather the peculiarity of international humanitarian law seems to lie in the gap that exists between the actual behaviour on site and the behaviour prescribed by international legal standards. 50 I do not intend to examine in detail all the problems relating to the making of customary humanitarian law. 51 Sufﬁce it to say that 49 50 51 Tadi´c Interlocutory Appeal, above, n. 35, para. 99. See also Yugoslavia Tribunal Prosecutor v. , Case No. IT-95-16-T, para. 527 (14 January 2000) (hereafter, Kupreski´c case (2000)) (‘Principles of international humanitarian law may emerge through a customary process under the pressure of the demands of humanity or the dictates of public conscience, even when State practice is scant or inconsistent’).
Relevant customary law is undeveloped and still in a state of development. A better approach is to identify trends in decision making in international law in the light of treaty and customary law which are relevant to the acts of these groups. Fifteen internal armed conﬂicts serve as frame of reference throughout this study. The selection of these conﬂicts is based on the fact that they have been qualiﬁed as internal armed conﬂicts in terms of international humanitarian law, either by one or more international bodies, or by (specialized) non-governmental organizations, or authoritative commentators.
Are not express obligations imposed upon the parties to the internal conﬂict, but are established as between the States which are parties to the Protocol, limited to the States Parties to the Geneva Convention of 1949’) (hereafter, ‘Humanitarian Law and Human Rights’). Nicaragua v. US ( Judgment of 27 June 1986) (Merits) 1986 ICJ Rep. 14, at 114, para. 119 (hereafter, Nicaragua Case). 137 (Argentina), para. 142 (Colombia), para. 131 (30 September 1997). 5 Similar practice can be found with regard to Protocol II.