By Robert A. Stebbins
For fifteen years, Robert Stebbins has performed vast study on amateurs and pros in theatre, track, archaeology, astronomy, baseball, soccer, magic and stand-up comedy. His guides provide the subject of significant rest in-depth scholarly realization. this article brings jointly the findings of this learn undertaking to supply a theoretical framework that finds the commonalities throughout those 8 fields. all through this venture Stebbins has equipped at the paintings of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss and their suggestion of "grounded theory". First, Stebbins widely saw the regimen actions of amateurs and pros in every one box studied. Then, as he grew to become extra acquainted with the life-styles of the individuals, he performed long, unstructured, face-to-face interviews with, ordinarily, 30 beginner or expert respondents. each one box demanded unique equipment of commentary, research, interviewing, probing and reporting. up to attainable, despite the fact that, Stebbins requested comparable questions of all respondents in all fields with the intention to enable generalizations throughout those varied fields. the end result used to be a "substantive grounded thought" of every box studied. Stebbins has built a "formal grounded concept" of amateurs and pros according to the examine collected in all 8 sizeable fields. through transcending quite a few contexts, he argues, you possibly can achieve a extra enduring appreciation of the weather that impact peoples' stories in paintings and spare time activities. A evaluate of the findings throughout this wide variety of actions, together with his findings and concepts on hobbyists and profession volunteers, enabled Stebbins to derive higher definitions of the most suggestions of the venture, resembling "amateur", "the public", and "serious rest" -- in addition to "professional", the place he distinguishes among client-centred and public-centred execs who, whereas sharing a variety of ideal-typical attributes, range as to the ability and keep watch over they've got over their paintings in a democratic society. He provides inductive conclusions approximately careers and the prices and rewards within the 8 amateur-professional fields thought of. He examines the exterior international of amateurs and pros within the gentle of such concerns as kinfolk ties, family between amateurs and pros and between amateurs and their employers, public photographs, critics and newshounds, neighborhood contributions, and the query of marginality for amateurs who're stuck among the paintings international of the pro and the informal rest global of nearly all of the inhabitants. He concludes with an exploration of the longer term function of great relaxation in terms of predictions of larger unemployment and elevated rest time and durability.
Read Online or Download Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure PDF
Best pop culture books
This most modern quantity of Dumbarton Oaks Papers focuses partly on literary and old texts: historicism in Byzantine proposal and literature; the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, encompassing the 1st campaign and the Armenian diaspora; and a reappraisal of the satirical prose paintings Mazaris’s trip to Hades.
Alice man BlachT (1873-1968), the world's first lady filmmaker, was once one of many key figures within the improvement of narrative movie. From 1896 to 1920 she directed four hundred movies (including over a hundred synchronized sound films), produced enormous quantities extra, and was once the first—and to date the only—woman to possess and run her personal studio plant (The Solax Studio in citadel Lee, NJ, 1910-1914).
Procedure in insanity appears on the ways that nineteenth-century French literature of the wonderful mirrored what psychoanalysis might later outline as mechanisms of defence. every one bankruptcy of the booklet is devoted to a specific mechanism – fetishization, projection, intellectualization, mechanization, and compulsion – and to a consultant set of texts which illustrate and include the method involved.
This anatomy of the character of relaxation this day examines how the relaxation society developed as staff turned liberated from the rigours of commercial manufacture, yet the way it, whilst, imposes rigours of its personal on those that carrier it - the croupiers, the waiters, the nannies. The author's concentration is at the human size, describing how the hunt for rest impacts either those that search it and those that offer it.
- Women and Fitness in American Culture
- Above Top Secret: Uncover the Mysteries of the Digital Age
- Englishness and National Culture
- Celebrity in the 21st Century: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
- Psycho-Politics And Cultural Desires
- The Routledge language and cultural theory reader
Additional resources for Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure
6 Professional work constitutes a calling in which consistent application of a standard and provision of a service, or product, are primary and monetary rewards are secondary. Given the occurrences today of strikes, slowdowns, and unionization among such professionals as teachers, doctors, and professors, one might wonder if this notion of a calling, in particular, is still a valid indicator of professionalism. In other words, has greed not replaced the selfless commitment of yesteryear? No definitive research exists with regard to this question.
According to the power theorists, the functionalists largely ignored such considerations, even though Francis Bacon coined his famous dictum "knowledge is power," nearly 400 years ago. , Caplow 1954; Wilensky 1964; Hughes 1971). The studies of process and power are compatible, say the power theorists, inasmuch as gaining power and control are major developments in the history of certain professions. A third criticism, closely related to the first two, involves the tendency of the proponents of the attribution approach to ignore the external environment of a profession, both past and present (Klegon 1978).
This situation induces many people to seek the knowledge and techniques of client-centred professionals and, as we shall note later, gives the latter considerable power over the former. The issue of rejection of authority is unheard of in the public-centred professions, in part because the principle of uncertainty is not found there. Admittedly there are people who dislike basketball, abstract art, stand-up comedy, or entomology. But this rejection is usually a matter of personal preference or taste, rather than of belief in the incompetence of the players, artists, comedians, or scientists.