By Ali Almossawi
“A perfect compendium of flaws.” —Alice Roberts, PhD, anatomist, author, and presenter of The marvelous Human Journey
The antidote to fuzzy considering, with hairy animals!
Have you learn (or stumbled into) one too many irrational on-line debates? Ali Almossawi definitely had, so he wrote An Illustrated booklet of undesirable Arguments! this convenient advisor is right here to carry the net age a much-needed dose of old-school good judgment (really old-school, a la Aristotle).
Here are cogent factors of the straw man fallacy, the slippery slope argument, the ad hominem assault, and different universal makes an attempt at reasoning that truly fall short—plus a superbly drawn menagerie of animals who (adorably) dedicate each logical faux pas. Rabbit thinks an odd mild within the sky must be a unidentified flying object simply because nobody can end up in a different way (the attract ignorance). And Lion doesn’t think that gasoline emissions damage the planet simply because, if that were precise, he wouldn’t just like the outcome (the argument from consequences).
Once you discover ways to realize those abuses of cause, they begin to crop up in every single place from congressional debate to YouTube comments—which makes this geek-chic publication a must for a person within the behavior of maintaining opinions.
Read Online or Download An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments PDF
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Extra resources for An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments
Here, although the argument is more likely a threat, albeit a subtle one, an attempt is made at reasoning. Blatant threats or orders that do not attempt to provide evidence should not be confused with this fallacy, even if they exploit one’s sense of fear [Engel]. When an appeal to fear proceeds to describe a series of terrifying events that will occur as a result of accepting a proposition—without clear causal links between them—it becomes reminiscent of a slippery slope argument. And when the person making the appeal provides one and only one alternative to the proposition under attack, it becomes reminiscent of a false dilemma.
For example, asking ten people on the street what they think of the president’s plan to reduce the deficit can in no way be said to gauge the sentiment of the entire nation. Although convenient, hasty generalizations can lead to costly and catastrophic results. For instance, it may be argued that an engineering assumption led to the explosion of the Ariane 5 rocket during its first test flight: The control software had been extensively tested with the previous model, Ariane 4—but unfortunately these tests did not cover all the possible scenarios of the Ariane 5, so it was wrong to assume that the data would carry over.
It has been a wonderful journey, and I trust that it is but one of many to come. Definitions ARGUMENT: A set of propositions aimed at persuading through reasoning. In an argument, a subset of propositions, called premisses, provides support for some other proposition called the conclusion. proposition: A statement that is either true or false, but not both. ” premiss: A proposition that provides support to an argument’s conclusion. An argument may have one or more premisses. ” falsifiable: A proposition or argument is falsifiable if it can be refuted, or disproved, through observation or experiment.