By Thierry Dutoit
An creation to Text-to-Speech Synthesis is a entire creation to the topic. the writer treats components of speech synthesis: half I of the ebook issues normal language processing and the inherent difficulties it offers for speech synthesis; half II makes a speciality of electronic sign processing, with an emphasis at the concatenative strategy. either elements of the textual content consultant the reader during the fabric in a step by step easy-to-follow means.
This is the 1st publication to regard the subject of speech synthesis from the viewpoint of 2 assorted engineering ways. The ebook should be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in phonetics and speech conversation, in either academia and industry.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Text-to-Speech Synthesis
We all have, mainly unconsciously, a good knowledge of the reading rules of our native tongue. They were transmitted to us, in a simplified form, in elementary school, and we improve them year after year. However, it would be a bold claim indeed to say that it is only a short step before the computer is likely to equal the human being in that respect. Despite the present state of our knowledge and techniques and the progress recently accomplished in the fields of signal processing and artificial intelligence, we would have to express some reservations.
It sends its results to the gray matter, in a region called the primary visual cortex in the occipital region of the brain, where they are further analyzed so as to decompose the visual world into short line segments of various orientations (to be used for the discrimination of form and movement) and combine the output from the two eyes (to be used for depth perception). Perception itself is elaborated only in the higher-order visual cortices, of which much less is known. Information in each area of the visual cortex is clearly processed in a distributed way (as opposed to a centralized one).
Stops or plosives are the most dynamic sounds. They are articulated in three steps: the vocal tract first closes at some point, which results in a build-up of pressure, the release of which produces a transient burst. Voiced plosives [b, d, g) are distinguished from voiceless ones [p, t, k] according to the presence or absence of vibration of the focal folds during the build-up. Glides and liquids combine features from both vowels and consonants. Like vowels, the central position of glides [j, w] (or semi-vowels, or semi-consonants) is quite open at times, but the sudden transition toward and/or away from this position produces a friction that is typical of consonants.