By John David Smith
An outdated Creed for the recent South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865–1918 information the slavery debate from the Civil struggle via international conflict I. Award-winning historian John David Smith argues that African American slavery remained a salient metaphor for a way american citizens interpreted modern race family many years after the Civil War.Smith attracts largely on postwar articles, books, diaries, manuscripts, newspapers, and speeches to counter the assumption that debates over slavery ended with emancipation. After the Civil battle, american citizens in either the North and the South endured to discuss slavery’s advantages as a hard work, felony, and academic method and as a style of racial keep watch over. The research information how white Southerners persevered to tout slavery as precious for either races lengthy after accomplice defeat. in the course of Reconstruction and after Redemption, Southerners endured to refine proslavery rules whereas subjecting blacks to new felony, extralegal, and social controls.An outdated Creed for the recent South links pre– and post–Civil conflict racial idea, exhibiting ancient continuity, and treats the Black Codes and the Jim Crow legislation in new methods, connecting those vital racial and felony topics to highbrow and social heritage. even if many blacks and a few whites denounced slavery because the resource of the modern “Negro problem,” such a lot whites, together with overdue nineteenth-century historians, championed a “new” proslavery argument. The research additionally lines how historian Ulrich B. Phillips and revolutionary period students checked out slavery as a golden age of yankee race family members and exhibits how a vast diversity of African american citizens, together with Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois, replied to the proslavery argument. Such rules, Smith posits, supplied a strong racial creed for the hot South.This exam of black slavery within the American public mind—which comprises the arguments of former slaves, slaveholders, Freedmen's Bureau brokers, novelists, and essayists—demonstrates that proslavery ideology ruled racial idea between white southerners, and such a lot white northerners, within the 5 many years following the Civil War.
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Extra resources for An Old Creed for the New South: Proslavery Ideology and Historiography, 1865-1918
March 11,1899; and "Race War Coming, Dr. , September 26, 1912. 7. V. , May 13, 1915; "South Still Honors 'Old-Time' Negro," Philadelphia Public Ledger, May 2, 1915; "To Erect Monument for Negro 'Mammies,' " Afro-American Ledger, June 15,1915;" 'Black Mammy' Day Observed," St. Louis Republic, October 14, 1915; "Black Mammy," Christian Science Monitor, October 21, 1918. These newspaper clippings, as well as those cited in the following two notes, are located in the Slavery and Race Problem Files, Tuskegee Institute.
They reenacted the race-control and labor-discipline features of the slave codes, pro- 30 The Old Arguments Anew viding detailed listings of blacks' civil disabilities. According to Hyman and Wiecek: They defined racial status; forbade blacks from pursuing certain occupations ... forebade [sic] owning firearms ... controlled the movement of blacks by systems of passes; required proof of residence; prohibited the congregation of groups of blacks; restricted blacks from residing in certain areas; and specified an etiquette of deference to whites ....
He described the slavery system as a virtual paradise where the blacks were fed, clothed, sheltered, relieved from cares, nursed, mourned, buried, educated, elevated, disciplined, improved, and, most important, civilized. 5 Two years later a writer in Scott's Monthly Magazine summarized virtually all of the new defenses of slavery. Drawing heavily on history to support his proslavery ideas, Russ James lauded slavery's merits, condemned its premature abolition, and grieved over the condition of the freedmen.