By Anthony Parsons
The Antarctic Treaty, manage in 1961 to supply a method for handling diplomacy in Antarctica, can be reviewed in 1991. This e-book considers the query of the region's destiny with the evergrowing overseas curiosity within the sector as a resource of vital mineral assets. during this well timed survey, a examine crew introduced jointly by means of the David Davies Memorial Institute of overseas stories seems on the political and environmental questions raised by means of the doubtless conflicting curiosity in Antarctica: what are the stresses inner and exterior, at the Antarctica Treaty procedure, and will it advance to deal with them? If now not, what's the most likely political outlook for Antarctica? including The Antartic Treaty Regime, edited through Gillian Triggs(CUP, 1987), which describes the elements of the Antartic Treaty method, Cambridge deals and authoritative foundation for the learn of the Antartic Treaty and its destiny.
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Additional resources for Antarctica: The Next Decade: Report of a Group Study Chaired by Sir Anthony Parsons (Studies in Polar Research)
Broadly speaking their objectives, which are often common with those of the non-Treaty nations, fall into five categories: 1. Public accountability - there should be adequate information, easily obtainable, on Antarctic activities and meetings. 2. Non-discrimination - the Antarctic regimes are not universal. They work against States that cannot mount major scientific programmes in Antarctica, thus creating two tiers of membership. 3. International equity - in the event that benefits arise from Antarctica, they should be widely shared within the international community, and involve the participation of a wider community in the decision-making process.
The developing countries as a group tended to emphasise their perception of 'community interest' as fundamental to their position, while among the free market economy industrialised countries, individual economic and security concerns appeared to dominate. 1 attempts to compare some policy elements characteristic of the two approaches (but not those of the socialist industrialised countries). The policies of the industrialised countries derive from internal economic and political situations requiring that their governments respond effectively and without delay.
However, recent initiatives taken by the Treaty parties - barely one-fifth of the membership of the United Nations - have economic implications which may engage the economic and wider interests of the community as a whole, interests which are expressly recognised and preserved by the Treaty parties. Evolving role of the Consultative Parties At the heart of the Antarctic Treaty System are the Consultative Parties. These are the original signatories named in the preamble to the Antarctic Treaty, plus other States which have demonstrated their interest in Antarctica through 'conducting substantial scientific research' there, and currently numbering some eighteen States in total.